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Basics of Tree Pruning In order to effectively learn how to prune a fruit tree, it is important to understand first how to grow a fruit tree. One of the basic things you should know about your tree and its fruit is that it is composed of two parts. Fruit trees are generally grafted. Usually, the bottom part is from a tree that bears fruit poorly, while the top part is from a tree that produces good fruit. In order to produce better fruit bearing trees, experts have turned to grafting. What is important is to have a healthy tree to prune properly for it to bear more fruit.
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Oftentimes, if you order by mail, you get a bare rooted tree. The first thing you should do is to trim the its roots. Some trees are planted in pots and need no cutbacks when you transplant them. Cutbacks are necessary if a fruit tree has been dug from its original location.
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You can prune the top part of the tree together with its roots after you have gotten them. Look for broken or jagged edged roots and cut them off. Healing is easier if this is done. All the roots must be on equal level with the surface. If a fruit tree does not have branches on its side, cut it back by a third. Thus, if you have a tree that is about six feet tall, you need to cutback two feet from its top. Cut diagonally above the bud. Trim all branches that look withered, dead or broken, or too near the ground. Every strong and healthy branch also needs to be cut by a third of its length. Look for the bud and cut the branches on its outer side in order for the new branches to grow outwardly and not toward the tree trunk. There are a few other things you need to do, if you have just gotten your tree. When your fruit tree arrives, don’t forget to soak its bare roots to keep them from drying up. Keep in mind also that you need good quality soil and proper depth for your new fruit tree. In order to save you from extensive labor later, learn to snip and pinch your fruit tree on its first year. It is good to visualize your tree in its maturity while it is still young to motivate you to trim it and snip off its buds. Focus on shaping the tree on its first year by pruning its branches and keeping them few. Fruit ripens better when this is done. Other trees demand more attention. Once you learn the art and science behind tree pruning, it will give you not only fruit, but happiness.